Advanced Practice Preceptors
Profile and Orientation to be Completed by Preceptors for Advanced Practice Students
Preceptors for Advanced Practice
Clinical preceptors are APRNs or other clinicians who contribute to the clinical teaching of advanced practice students. A preceptor monitors and directs the student's clinical learning experience while acting as a role model. The preceptor promotes advanced practice clinical role socialization, facilitates student autonomy, and promotes self-confidence that leads to clinical competence (Hayes & Harrell, 1994). The preceptor plays a critical role in the educational process for APRNs (Burns, Beauchesne, Ryan-Krause, & Swain, 2006).
Why Clinicians Become Preceptors
Clinicians strive to continuously improve their own skills and knowledge, so they can provide high quality care. For many excellent clinicians, it is natural to extend their energy and enthusiasm to the preparation of the next generation of APRNs. Precepting provides the clinician an opportunity to teach, share clinical expertise, increase one's own knowledge base, serve as a role model, and influence changes in APRN education.
Benefits/Rewards of Precepting
Donley et al. (2014) report the preceptor's top perceived benefits and rewards:
- Contribute to my profession
- Teach graduate nursing students
- Share my knowledge with graduate nursing students
- Keep current and remain stimulated in my profession
- Gain personal satisfaction from the role
- Socialize the graduate nursing students into their new role
- Learn from graduate nursing students
- Improve my teaching skills
- Increase my own professional knowledge base
- Be recognized as a role model
- Influence change in my practice setting
- Increase my involvement within my workplace
- Improve my organizational skills and
- Improve my chances for promotion/advancement within my workplace
Advanced Practice Clinicals
Students in the Advanced Practice programs at the University of Kansas must complete clinical practicum experiences relevant to their area of practice and specialization. Clinical practice sites are generally located in the Kansas City metropolitan area, but may extend across the state of Kansas and other communities where students are located. A variety of settings are utilized, including: family practices; primary care and internal medicine clinics; student health services; occupational health clinics; home health services; long-term, assisted living, or post-acute care; rural clinics; and child, adolescent, adult and geriatric sites; OB/GYN practices; military hospitals; academic medical centers; critical access hospitals; urgent care centers; and federally-qualified health centers.
Description of Programs
Students in the Advanced Practice programs have completed all specialization (nurse practitioner or nurse-midwife) didactic coursework before beginning their clinical practicum experiences. Students enter their clinical practicum experiences ready to apply their knowledge in any type of patient encounter.
Precepting the Primary Care NP Student